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ออนไลน์ 49 คน

ONE SYSTEMS Pop15

Pop15
แบรนด์สินค้า: ONE SYSTEMS
รหัสสินค้า: ONE SYSTEMS Pop15
คะแนนสะสม: 0
มีสินค้า: ในสต็อก
ราคา: 94,280 บาท 75,424 บาท
โปรโมชั่นพิเศษสุดยังลดราคาได้อีก โทร. 085-6383516

 

     
 
Model
POPS15
FEATURES
# All-weather capable, self-powered 15-inch two-way system
# Premium-grade, concert class, large-format transducers
# Built-in Powersoft® amplifiers with 3,000 watts of peak bi-amped power perfectly-matched to each driver
# Built-in digital signal processing for optimum sound quality, maximum dynamic range and full system protection
# 60º x 40º High-Q horn and medium-format HF driver delivers superb projection and excellent pattern control to fill short and medium-throw acoustic spaces
# 15-inch Narrow-Profile woofer with powerful 4-inch voice coil enables ultra-slim enclosure design
# Built-in 7 x M10 inserts and a standard-sized pole mount that permit a variety of use and placement possibilities, including use as a floor monitor
# Includes 30.5 m / 100 ft AC mains and 3-pin XLR-type signal cables on portable cable reels with moisture-resistant connectors. The AC mains cable is equipped with an inline Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI) for added safety
 
     

 

- continues on page 2 -
One Systems, Inc., 6204 Gardendale Dr., Nashville, TN 37215 | 615-823-1655 | www.onesystems.com
HIGH IMPEDANCE LOUDSPEAKER BASICS
One Systems offers most of its high performance direct weather loudspeaker systems with a
“transformer” or “high impedance” option. These loudspeaker systems are often referred to by
various names such as 70 volt systems, 100 volt systems, high z systems, high impedance
systems, or transformer systems. These systems are often referred to as “constant voltage”
systems although there is nothing “constant” about the voltage. The design simply raises the
output voltage to either a maximum of 70.7 Vrms or 100 Vrms and then matches that increased
voltage in the increased input impedance associated with the transformer primary windings.
This is done in order to reduce the current in from the amplifier to the transformer primary.
Reducing the current can substantially reduce the line losses and provide more power for the
loudspeaker.
In a conventional, or low Z, loudspeaker design the impedance of the loudspeaker is typically
rated at a nominal impedance of either 8 ohms or 4 ohms. All modern power amplifiers are
rated to a specific output power into either a 4 ohm or 8 ohm load. As an example, consider a
situation where we wish to deliver 300 watts to a 4 ohm load. When a 4 ohm loudspeaker is
connected to the amplifier and driven to 300 watts the amplifier will have a 34.6Vrms voltage
measured across its output terminals and have an 8.65 amp current output. So far this
example is very straightforward. However, we have not considered the additional impedance
(resistance) associated with the cable that we used to connect the loudspeaker to the amplifier.
We basically connected the loudspeaker with magical ZERO loss wire! So we need to recalculate with actual wire and see what happens.
If we used AWG16 wire (area of 1.31mm^2) and locate the loudspeaker 20 feet (6.1 meters)
away from the amplifier we discover that this length of wire will have approximately 0.16 ohms
of resistance that we must add to the total impedance that the amplifier “sees”. So the total
impedance that the amplifier must drive now becomes 4 ohms plus 0.16 ohms, or 4.16 ohms.
(The AWG 16 wire is 4 ohms per 1000 ft (305m). The loudspeaker is 20 feet away but the wire
must get to the speaker and then back to the amplifier, so the total distance is 40 feet which
calculates to 0.16 ohms)
The original calculation yielded 300 watts with the total load of 4 ohms (the value of the
loudspeaker impedance when connected with wire that had no resistance) but since our “real
world” example has 4.16 ohms of total impedance we see that the power (using ohms law and ONE SYSTEMS HIGH IMPEDANCE LOUDSPEAKERS
One Systems, Inc., 6204 Gardendale Dr., Nashville, TN 37215 | 615-823-1655 | www.onesystems.com
2
standard power calculations) has now dropped to 287.7 watts and the current has dropped to
8.31 amps. But now we also must remember that the wire resistance will produce some power
loss so the calculation reveals that there is approximately 11 watts of loss on the wire, so we
only have 276 left at the loudspeaker.
A quick summary shows that our example of 300 watts has quickly become 276 watts at the
loudspeaker.
Now, let’s move the loudspeaker 330 feet (approximately 100m) away from the amplifier and
still use AWG 16 wire. Again, because we need to get the wire to the speaker, and then back to
the amplifier, we have 660 feet (201m) of wire. This length of wire will have a 2.64 ohm
resistance. We must now add the 2.64 ohms of wire resistance to the loudspeakers 4 ohm
nominal impedance. We now have 6.64 ohms of combined wire and loudspeaker impedance.
Since our amplifier is producing a 34.6 volt signal we see that the total power the amplifier can
supply is now reduced to 180 watts. (a long way from the original 300 watts). But, worse yet, we
see that the current has dropped to 5.2 amps. Using the known voltage of 34.6 and the new
current of 5.2 amps we can calculate the power loss on the 660 feet of wire. We discover that
out of the total available power of 180 watts, a full 71.4 is lost in the wire and only 108 watts
are available for the loudspeaker.
If we need to drive the loudspeaker with 300 watts we need to increase the amplifier output to
498 watts (57.7 volts) if we use AWG 16 wire.
The above example is very typical and illustrates the substantial loss of power found in many
public address/sound reinforcement systems when the loudspeaker is some distance from the
amplifier. There are basically two solutions to this problem. The first solution is to use much
larger wire. If we use AWG 12 wire (area of 3.31mm^2) we see the wire resistance has dropped
from the 2.64 ohms of the AWG 16 wire to 1.05 ohms. We add this to the loudspeaker
impedance and see that we have 5 ohms of total impedance and our amplifier can now produce
239 watts instead of the 180 with the smaller AWG 16 wire. The wire loss is now 47.6 watts
(compared to the 71.4 lost in the AWG 16 wire) and there are now 190 watts of power available
for the loudspeaker. Of course even larger wire will reduce the losses further.
It is important to state that there is really no substitute for LARGE copper wire. It is expensive
and often difficult to run long distances but from a performance standpoint, there is no
substitute!
A second alternative that is commonly used in the professional sound reinforcement industry is
to use a “high impedance” or line matching transformer design.
The basic configuration is to add a transformer between the amplifier output and the
loudspeaker crossover terminals. This transformer is usually added inside the loudspeaker itself
and is “inserted” in the circuit path between the loudspeaker inputs and the passive crossover
inputs. The basic function of the transformer is to increase the input impedance that is
presented to the amplifier. When the input impedance is increased the amplifier current draw is
reduced. When the amplifier output current is reduced the power loss associated with the
cabling is reduced (reduced I^2*R losses). The transformer then reduces the voltage and
increases the current and presents this increased current to the loudspeaker components.ONE SYSTEMS HIGH IMPEDANCE LOUDSPEAKERS
One Systems, Inc., 6204 Gardendale Dr., Nashville, TN 37215 | 615-823-1655 | www.onesystems.com
3
For this example we will select a loudspeaker system that uses a European 100 volt standard.
It is common for transformer based loudspeaker designs to have multiple power taps. In this
example we will select a 100 volt transformer with power taps at 300 watts, 150 watts, and 75
watts. The assumption when wiring the transformer is the if we supply a 100 volt potential
across the output of the amplifier and connect to a “high z” transformer system with a rated
power tap of 300 watts we will “get” 300 watts of power delivered to the transformer.
As noted above, transformers are basically impedance converters. So in this example if we have
a 100 volt potential and wish to have 300 watts we will need a loudspeaker impedance of 33.3
ohms. (This is the impedance that the amplifier will “see” and deliver the appropriate current
level. The transformer will then convert the voltage and current levels so that the internal
loudspeaker components, which are still 4 ohms, will see the appropriate voltage and currents
to produce 300 watts, at least theoretically!)
Now, let’s connect this “high z” loudspeaker up to the same 330 feet of AWG 16 wire from our
first example. We still have 2.64 ohms of wire resistance to add to the equation. Our
loudspeaker input impedance is now 33.3 ohms and after we add the 2.64 ohms of wire
resistance we have a total impedance of 35.97 ohms. With the 100 volts of output we now have
278 watts of power output from the amplifier. (We calculated 300 but that was before we
added the resistance of the wire!)
We have 2.78 amps of current in this situation and find that we have 20.4 watts of power lost in
the wire and can deliver 257.3 watts of power to the loudspeaker. Note that this is still not the
300 watts that we expected but if we compare to the “low z” example we have 257 watts,
compared to 108 watts when we used a 4 ohm low impedance loudspeaker with the same 330
feet of AWG 16 wire. So far the high impedance alternative looks very good when long wire runs
are required. However, we must also consider the losses that occur inside the transformer as
the signal is converted from high voltage/low current to the lower voltage/higher current
conditions required for the loudspeaker. These losses are referred to as insertion losses. All
transformers have insertion loss but higher quality transformers can minimize these losses. So,
for this example we will select a very high quality transformer and assume an insertion loss of
0.6dB. Using the 0.6dB insertion loss we find that the 257 watts of power that were delivered to
the transformer are now reduced by insertion losses to 224 watts. So we actually have 224
watts available for the loudspeaker. In this example, the high z loudspeaker system offers a
clear advantage over the low impedance design.
When using the high z, or transformer based system we must also remember that there are
always low frequency response limitations and distortion effects when we apply low frequency
signals near the rated power limit of the transformer. For this reason the transformer system
requires a high order high pass filter to remove low frequency signals. This high pass filter is
inserted in the system prior to the amplifier and will prevent damaging low frequency material
from being presented to the transformer. All good systems manufacturers will recommend a
high pass filter and can usually recommend the correct high pass filter corner frequency.ONE SYSTEMS HIGH IMPEDANCE LOUDSPEAKERS
One Systems, Inc., 6204 Gardendale Dr., Nashville, TN 37215 | 615-823-1655 | www.onesystems.com
4
So we see that there are certainly applications where high z designs can offer superior
performance but we also see that those high z designs require special attention if they are to
perform as expected.
A LITTLE MORE ABOUT TRANSFORMERS
In the professional audio industry there are two types of “transformers” used in high impedance
systems. The two types are: “traditional transformers” and “auto transformers, usually called
“autoformers”.
Transformers have two sets of independent windings, known as a primary and secondary. One
Systems utilizes transformers for the 103IM,106IM, 108IM, 208IM,and 112IM models.
Because transformers have two separate windings they provide electrical isolation between the
source (the amplifier) and the load (the loudspeaker).
NOTE: If a technical specification requires electrical isolation between the source and the load a
transformer MUST be used. (NOT AN AUTOFORMER!)
The transformers used by One Systems are high quality designs and offer excellent bandwidth
and low insertion loss.
Autoformers are similar to a transformer but instead of using two separate windings they
employ a single winding with voltage taps at specific locations to provide either step up or step
down conversions.
Auto Transformers, or Autoformers, can offer high bandwidth and better low frequency response
as well as lower insertion loss then conventional transformers of the same size. One Systems
utilizes autoformers for the 212CIM,212IM, 312CIM and CFA models. A high quality autoformer
can offer excellent performance but it must be noted that there is no source to load electrical
isolation. Autoformers are an excellent choice for high performance applications, particularly for
very high power applications and are used by many pro audio manufactures. Autoformers are
fairly common in high power applications and are routinely used for high performance
applications.
NOTE: Autoformers do NOT provide source to load electrical isolation. If a technical specification
requires source to load isolation an autoformer CANNOT be used!ONE SYSTEMS HIGH IMPEDANCE LOUDSPEAKERS
One Systems, Inc., 6204 Gardendale Dr., Nashville, TN 37215 | 615-823-1655 | www.onesystems.com
5
WHEN TO USE TRANSFORMER BASED LOUDSPEAKERS
Choosing whether to use a low Z loudspeaker system or a transformer based hi z system can be
a difficult decision.
A. Multiple loudspeakers to a single amplifier channel
If multiple loudspeakers are to be connected to a single amplifier channel the following
considerations should be taken into account.
1. If the amplifier is capable of driving a 2 ohm load then a maximum of 4 loudspeakers rated at
8 ohms may be wired in parallel on each channel. (or a maximum of 2 loudspeakers rated at 4
ohms). There are many possible series-parallel configurations but this wiring is not
recommended as a failure on a loudspeaker in the configuration will cause other perfectly good
units to stop working because of the open circuit.
2. If the amplifier is capable of driving either a 70.7Vrms or 100Vrms output then high z
loudspeaker may be used. In this situation the loudspeakers are all run in parallel and the sum
of all the loudspeaker power taps used should not exceed the amplifiers power rating per
channel.
If the high z loudspeaker is used then high pass filtering (low cut) is necessary. Additionally,
insertion loss of the transformer must be considered as well as actual power delivered to each
loudspeaker due to line losses.
B. A Single loudspeaker at a great distance
 
1. If a single loudspeaker is a great distance* then a comparison must be made (as in the
examples above) of line losses in the wire (low z) versus losses associated with both the wire
AND transformer insertion loss.
* NOTE: The term “great distance” is completely relative. In all situations analysis is necessary
to determine the most optimized operating conditions. There are situations where large wire
sizes will outperform transformer based designs. ONE SYSTEMS HIGH IMPEDANCE LOUDSPEAKERS
One Systems, Inc., 6204 Gardendale Dr., Nashville, TN 37215 | 615-823-1655 | www.onesystems.com
6
APPENDIX 1
The table below lists transformer primary impedances for various power tap values for both
70.7V and 100V operating voltages
70.7 Vrms 100 Vrms
600W 8.3 (Ohms) 16.6 (Ohms)
300W 16.6 33.3
150W 33.3 66.6
75W 66.6 133
37.5W 133 266
18.75W 266 533
9.37W 533 1066
Note that in the above table the 70.7 Vrms transformer system presents a primary impedance
of 8.3 ohms for the 600 watt tap. It makes no sense to use a 70 V high impedance transformer
enclosure at 600 watts if the low z enclosure impedance is 8 ohms. (And it barely makes sense
if the low z impedance is 4 ohms!) However, it makes much more sense if the 100V version is
used for the 600 watt tap!
We see a “practical” limit to where high z systems make sense, particularly in the 70 V designs
at 600 watts. When the transformer insertion losses are added in a 600 watt tap for 70 v
operating voltage is always outperformed by a low z design, regardless of the line resistance. At
this point a good question would be….”so why does One Systems offer this tap value?” Our
recommendation is to not use this tap but it does have value in the 100V operating voltage
configuration.
 
 

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